Avulsion Fractures of the Pelvis
Avulsion Fractures Specialist
Sportspersons who practice too hard too often or use the wrong technique during training and adolescents whose bones are still growing are at a higher risk of avulsion fractures of the pelvis. The condition occurs during sudden stops amidst speed or any accident. Avulsion fractures specialist, Dr. Kelechi Okoroha provides diagnosis and individualized non-surgical and surgical management for avulsion fractures of the pelvis in Minneapolis. Contact Dr. Okoroha’s team for an appointment today!
What are Avulsion fractures of the Pelvis?
Avulsion fractures of the pelvis is an injury that occurs when a tendon or ligament pulls off a piece of bone from the hip. This results in a part of the pelvic (hip) bone breaking away from the main part of the bone.
Avulsion fractures of the pelvis are seen more in people who:
- Play sports or practice too hard too often
- Use the wrong technique during training or sports
- Are adolescents whose bones are still growing
Common Sites of Avulsion Fractures in the Pelvis
The pelvis is a ring of several bones located at the lower end of the trunk, between the spine and the legs.
The three most common sites for avulsion fractures in the pelvis are:
- Anterior Superior Iliac Spine: The large broad bone (ilium) forming the top of the pelvis
- Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine: The bony wing of the ilium (upper lateral part of the pelvis)
- Ischial Tuberosity: The V-shaped bone at the bottom of the pelvis
Although rare, avulsion fractures also occur at other parts of the hip such as:
- Lesser Trochanter: The bony projection from the lower or back part of the femur neck base
Causes of Avulsion Fractures in the Pelvis
Major causes of avulsion fractures can be:
- Sports or activities that involve speed and sudden stops
- Sudden and/or forceful contraction of the pelvic muscle
- A car accident or any accident that puts sudden stress on the hip
When an avulsion fracture is suspected it is important to schedule an orthopedic consultation for proper examination and care. Dr. Kelechi Okoroha is an avulsion fracture specialist who provides detailed examination and care for patients with avulsion fractures of the pelvis in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Rochester, Eden Prairie, Minnetonka, Minnesota and beyond.
Signs and Symptoms of the Condition
The possible symptoms are any or all of the following depending on the severity:
- Swelling, redness and/or severe pain in your hip
- Limited movement and pain when you try to move the pelvis
- Popping or sudden pain in your hip or groin during an activity
- Trouble moving the upper leg, both back and forth
What if Avulsion Fractures of the Pelvis are Left Untreated?
If untreated, avulsion fractures of the pelvis could lead to:
- Instability of the pelvis
- Impaired mobility of the hip
- Loss of function in severe cases
- Sexual dysfunction due to nerve damage
How is the Condition Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of an avulsion fracture is based on a thorough physical examination performed by Dr. Okoroha. This may be followed by a standard anteroposterior (AP) pelvis radiography.
An X-ray or a CT scan to check for broken bones and a bone scan to determine the site of the fracture may be taken to conclude the diagnosis.
Treatment of Avulsion Fractures of the Pelvis
The condition is treated both conservatively or surgically depending on the degree of the fracture. After careful review of your history and examination, Dr. Okoroha will provide an individualized treatment plan to help you return to your normal function. Treatment options may include the following.
The conventional treatments of an avulsion fracture typically include but are not limited to:
- Resting and icing the pelvis
- Controlled exercises (physiotherapy)
- Use of crutches or walker
- Prescription of medications
Most avulsion fractures are known to heal well without surgical intervention. If non-surgical treatment does not alleviate your symptoms, Dr. Okoroha may recommend surgery to repair your avulsion fracture if you are faced with situations such as:
- Unstable pelvic fractures
- Bone fragment far away from the main bone
- Dislocation greater than 2 cm
- Non-union of the bones
- Painful exostosis (bone spur)
- Failure of conventional treatments
Dr. Okoroha will choose the best possible surgery and may include:
- External fixation
- Skeletal traction
- Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)
The doctor will explain to you the details of each treatment depending on the requirement.
Prevention of Avulsion Fractures of the Pelvis
You can prevent avulsion fractures of the pelvis if you:
- Warm up and stretch before playing any sport
- Do not push yourself too hard during any sport
- Avoid making sudden movements (twisting or direction change)
- Do exercises that strengthen and improve pelvic muscles
If you have experienced an avulsion fractures of the pelvis, please contact Dr. Kelechi Okoroha, orthopedic hip specialist treating patients in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Rochester, Eden Prairie, Minnetonka, Minnesota and beyond.