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Baker’s Cyst


Specialist in Baker’s Cyst Treatment

Women and people mostly aged over 40 are at a higher risk of Baker’s cyst. It is typically caused by an injury to the knee or inflammation of the knee joint or due to certain medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or gout. Specialist in Baker’s cyst treatment, Dr. Kelechi Okoroha provides diagnosis and individualized non-surgical and surgical management for Baker’s cyst in Minneapolis. Contact Dr. Okoroha’s team for an appointment today!

What is a Baker’s Cyst?

The knee consists of a fluid called synovial fluid, which reduces the friction between the bones of the knee joint while you move your leg. Sometimes this fluid is produced in excess, resulting in its accumulation in the back of your knee. A Baker’s cyst or popliteal cyst is a fluid-filled swelling that develops into a lump behind the knee. This causes stiffness, tightness, and pain behind your knee. It is commonly seen in women and people aged over 40 (although it can develop at any age).

Symptoms of Baker’s Cyst

Baker’s cyst, in some cases, does not cause any pain and may go unnoticed. However, you may experience symptoms such as swelling behind your knee and legs, stiffness behind the knees, slight pain in the knee towards the upper calf (especially when you bend your knee or straighten it completely). Pain can become severe when you flex your knee and are active. Sometimes the cyst can tear open and the fluid can drain into the tissues of the lower leg, causing swelling and redness.

Causes of Baker’s Cyst

Baker’s cyst is caused by underlying conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gout, an injury to the knee or inflammation of the knee joint.

When a Baker’s cyst is suspected, it is important to schedule an orthopedic consultation for proper examination and care. Dr. Kelechi Okoroha is a specialist in Baker’s cyst treatment who provides detailed examination and care for patients with chondromalacia patella in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Rochester, Eden Prairie, Minnetonka, Minnesota and beyond.

Diagnosis of Baker’s Cyst

When you present with the above symptoms, Dr. Okoroha will review your medical history and perform a thorough physical examination of your knee. Further tests such as ultrasound scan and MRI may be recommended in order to confirm the diagnosis of Baker’s cyst.

Treatment Options for Baker’s Cyst

After careful review of your history and examination, Dr. Okoroha will provide an individualized treatment plan to help you return to your normal function. Most often, Baker’s cyst does not require treatment and may disappear on its own. However, if the cyst is large and causes a lot of pain, the following treatments are recommended:

  • Medications: Dr. Okoroha will inject corticosteroid medications into your knee to reduce pain. However, this doesn’t always prevent the recurrence of the cyst.
  • Fluid Drainage: Fluid from your knee is drained using a needle that is guided by ultrasound. Steroid injections sometimes follow fluid drainage to reduce inflammation and pain.
  • Physical Therapy: Dr. Okoroha may suggest the application of ice and a compression wrap or crutches to help reduce the pain and swelling. He/she may also include strengthening and range-of-motion exercises for the muscles around the knee.
  • Surgery: Dr. Okoroha may treat the underlying cause rather than the condition itself. If a cartilage tear is causing the overproduction of synovial fluid, surgery may be suggested to repair the cartilage.

Depending on your condition, Dr. Okoroha will determine the best treatment that will help alleviate your symptoms of Baker’s cyst.

If you have experienced a Baker’s cyst, please contact Dr. Kelechi Okoroha, orthopedic knee specialist treating patients in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Rochester, Eden Prairie, Minnetonka, Minnesota and beyond.