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What is Biomechanics?

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to the study of forces acting on the body during movement. It involves not only the analysis of the musculoskeletal system but also the mechanics of other systems such as blood circulation and renal function.

Elements of Biomechanics

The various elements of biomechanics include:

  • Statics: Study of the body when at rest or in a constant state of motion
  • Dynamics: Study of the body that is accelerating or decelerating
  • Kinematics: Study of the result of different types of forces on the body
  • Kinetics: Study of forces that cause motion

Benefits of Biomechanics

The various benefits of biomechanics include:

  • Enabling Efficient Movement: Biomechanics may be used to produce more efficient movement during exercise, sports or any type of physical activity. For example, a golf swing or running gait may be recorded on video, studied and recommendations made for more efficient movement.
  • Improving Design of Sports Equipment: Biomechanics may be used to make recommendations regarding sports equipment such as the ideal design of shoes for running or type of racket which will provide the best grip.
  • Optimizing Training Methods: Biomechanics can be used to study sporting techniques or training systems to develop ways to optimize physical performance.
  • Injury Prevention: Biomechanics may be used to study the cause of injury while playing sports or performing any type or repetitive physical activity. Strategies can then be developed to prevent possible injury.

Equipment used in Biomechanics

The following equipment may be used during a biomechanical evaluation:

  • Electromyography
  • Force plates
  • High-speed video motion analysis
  • Pressure sensors
  • Computer analysis
  • Modeling programs

Candidates for Biomechanical Analysis

Athletes and active individuals of all ages and skill levels will benefit from a biomechanical analysis. Whether you are a weekend warrior or a high-performance athlete, undergoing a biomechanical analysis will give you the opportunity to optimize your movement while minimizing the risk of joint pain or injury.