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Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection


Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection Specialist

Periprosthetic shoulder infection is a complication of shoulder replacement surgery and is more likely in elderly and immunocompromised patients. The infection can also be caused by underlying comorbid conditions such as diabetes. Shoulder specialist, Dr. Kelechi Okoroha provides diagnosis and individualized non-surgical and surgical management for periprosthetic shoulder infection in Detroit. Contact Dr. Okoroha’s team for an appointment today!

What is a Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection?

A periprosthetic shoulder joint infection is a very rare, but devastating complication of shoulder replacement surgery characterized by infection of the tissues surrounding your shoulder prosthesis.

Causes of Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection

A periprosthetic shoulder infection can be caused by:

  • Breaks in the continuity of the skin
  • Dental procedures
  • Other surgeries

When periprosthetic shoulder infection is suspected, it is important to schedule an orthopedic consultation for proper examination and care. Dr. Kelechi Okoroha is a shoulder specialist who provides detailed examination and care for patients with periprosthetic shoulder infection in Detroit, Royal Oak, Sterling Heights, Bloomfield Hills, Dearborn, Michigan and beyond.

Risks Factors for Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection

The risk factors for periprosthetic shoulder infection are:

  • Old age
  • Underlying comorbid conditions such as diabetes
  • Immunocompromised patients

Signs and Symptoms of periprosthetic shoulder infection

The signs and symptoms of a periprosthetic shoulder infection are:

  • Increased redness around the incision site
  • Increased pain around the incision site
  • Warmth around the incision site
  • Drainage of pus or fluid from the incision site
  • Fatigue
  • Fever

Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection

Dr. Okoroha will make a diagnosis based on:

  • Signs and symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • Imaging studies
  • Blood tests

Treatment of Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection

After careful review of your history and examination Dr. Okoroha will provide an individualized treatment plan to help you return to your normal function. The various treatment options for periprosthetic shoulder infections include:

Antibiotics: This is generally the first line of treatment. The antibiotics are usually administered via the intravenous route. If it is determined that the infection is only in the skin and superficial tissues, antibiotic therapy may be enough to treat the periprosthetic shoulder infection.

Debridement: During this surgical procedure, Dr. Okoroha removes contaminated tissue and cleans the shoulder joint thoroughly without removing the prosthesis. Intravenous antibiotics will also be administered for at least 6 weeks.

Replacement of the Shoulder Prosthesis: In case the periprosthetic infection occurs months or years after the placement of the shoulder implant, removal of the prosthesis is usually necessary. The shoulder joint will be cleaned of all infected or necrotic tissue and an antibiotic spacer placed within the joint. IV antibiotics will be administered for a period of 6 weeks. Once the joint is cleared of infection, the antibiotic spacer will be removed, and a new prosthesis placed within the shoulder.

Prevention of Periprosthetic Shoulder Infection

The risk of developing a periprosthetic shoulder infection can be significantly reduced by:

  • Preoperative tests to check for infectious organisms
  • Washing your skin with antibiotic soap prior to surgery
  • Postoperative antibiotic use as recommended by your doctor
  • Prophylactic antibiotic coverage when undergoing certain procedures (e.g. tooth extraction)

If you have experienced periprosthetic shoulder infection, please contact Dr. Kelechi Okoroha, orthopedic shoulder specialist treating patients in Detroit, Royal Oak, Sterling Heights, Bloomfield Hills, Dearborn, Michigan and beyond.