Nonoperative Treatment of Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries in the Throwing Athlete: Indications, Evaluation, and Management
Abstract Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries are common in overhead throwing athletes, particularly baseball players. Appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation are important in order for athletes to return to their preinjury condition.
Length of Time Between Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Return to Sport Does Not Predict Need for Revision Surgery in National Football League Players
PURPOSE: To determine whether the length of time between primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) and return to sport (RTS) predicted the need for revision ACLR in National Football League (NFL) athletes.
METHODS: All NFL players who underwent ACLR from 2009 to 2015 were identified. The date of index ACLR and date of return to NFL regular-season game play after surgery were recorded. The length of time between ACLR and RTS was compared between players who required revision ACLR and those who did not. Correlation coefficients were used to assess whether players who RTS sooner sustained recurrent anterior cruciate ligament injury at an earlier date.
Abstract The use of three-dimensional (3D) printing has seen a vast expansion over recent years, with an increased application for its use in orthopaedics. This report details the use of 3D printing technology to aid in the treatment of a medial femoral condyle osteochondral defect in a 26-year-old female who had previously undergone a failed autograft procedure. A preoperative computed tomography scan of the knee and chondral defect was used to generate a 3D printed, one-to-one scale replica of the distal femur. This replica was then used to size a patient-specific allograft plug for the osteochondral transplantation procedure.
INTRODUCTION: Dislocations of the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) are a relatively rare orthopedic injury. They are often repaired with open reduction internal fixation utilizing a transfixation screw. Limited data are available concerning alternative repair methods.
CASE REPORT: This report details a 46-year-old male who presented with an open Type IIIA comminuted mid-shaft tibia and segmental fibula fractures after being struck by a car traveling 70mph. Computed tomography confirmed comminuted and displaced tibia and fibula fractures with PTFJ dislocation as well as air tracking through the anterior compartment of the leg communicating with the knee joint.
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study is to report the outcomes and complications in patients who underwent distal biceps tendon repair with the use of Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) as an adjunct to surgery.
METHODS: A retrospective review of 14 patients who underwent 15 distal biceps tendon repairs was performed. All repaired tendons had their correlating muscle bellies injected intraoperatively with a mixture of 100U of BoNT-A and 10 ml of normal saline. Each patient was evaluated for surgical and post-operative complications and followed with Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Disability Scores.
Does Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey correlate with traditional metrics of patient satisfaction
BACKGROUND: Medicare reimbursements have been tied to patient satisfaction measures. Despite these measures' influence on reimbursements, the relationship between pain management and patient satisfaction remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between traditional patient perception of pain control and their overall satisfaction after joint replacement.
METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of consecutive primary total hip and total knee replacements. A total of 286 patients who underwent primary total hip (N = 106) and total knee (N = 196) replacements with completed Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems surveys were evaluated. Pain control, communication, and hospital satisfaction were stratified into satisfactory or unsatisfactory groups.
BACKGROUND: The incidence of overuse injury to the elbow among baseball pitchers continues to rise, despite extensive efforts at pitch count regulations and emphasis on proper throwing mechanics.
PURPOSE: To determine if the medial elbow experiences increased torque levels as a baseball pitcher fatigues through the course of a simulated game.
BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing incidence of overuse elbow injuries among youth and adolescent pitchers. Pitch type has been implicated as a risk factor for excess torque at the medial elbow; however, this has not been definitively demonstrated.
PURPOSE: To assess predictors of torque across the medial elbow in youth and adolescent pitchers with a mobile sensor. In addition, the authors aimed to determine the differences in elbow torque produced according to pitch type (fastball, curveball, changeup) and pitcher demographics.
Abstract Limited evidence is available regarding the correlation between intraoperative hypothermia and perioperative complications in shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of intraoperative hypothermia in patients treated with shoulder arthroplasty and its effect on perioperative complications. A retrospective chart review was performed on 657 consecutive patients who underwent shoulder arthroplasty at a single institution between August 2013 and June 2016.
Performance, Return to Play, and Career Longevity After Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in Professional Catchers
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate return to play and postinjury performance of professional catchers who sustained an ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) rupture requiring surgical reconstruction. We looked to evaluate these players to determine the rate of return to play, the level of return to play, and career longevity after surgery as well as how statistical performance is affected by reconstruction.